Bonsai Tree Farming – How To Start For Profit

Starting A Bonsai Tree Farming Business


Do you wish to start a bonsai tree farming business? Are you willing to earn money by producing beautiful bonsai? If yes, go through this article to get comprehensive information about starting a bonsai tree farming business. Creating bonsai is a mixture of art and science. Bonsai is a miniature piece of the plant grown in a small place. However, it is dissimilar from normal potted plants.

A step-by-step guide to starting a Bonsai Tree Farming Business in India

Bonsai Tree
Guide to starting a Bonsai Tree Business (Image credit: pixabay)

Growing and selling bonsai is a money-making business. Also, any individual can initiate this business with a moderate investment. Even you can initiate from your balcony or backyard. However, the business is a flawless choice for fervent gardeners. Generally, bonsai plants entice lucrative revenue for the farm holders.

Furthermore, a bonsai business requires very little space to operate. Using a very small space, you can grow about 100 bonsai plants. When you lack a backyard space, a balcony could be sufficient to start this business.

Different types of Bonsai Tree Farming

Concerning the style, there are different types of bonsai design. These are

  • Formal upright style
  • Informal upright style
  • Slanting style
  • Semi-cascade style
  • Cascade style
  • Roots over rock style
  • Broom style
  • Umbrella style
  • Forest style
  • Mame bonsai

Also, there are diverse types of bonsai tree farming according to height. These are

  • Extra-large: Height 3′ – 5′
  • Large: 2′ – 3′
  • Medium: 1′ – 2′
  • Small: 8″ – 1′
  • Tiny: 2″ – 6″

Market Potential of Bonsai Tree Farming Business

Nowadays, bonsai is a very general home décor item worldwide. Not only for home, but bonsai is also seen in commercial space decoration. Generally, hotel reception, banks, offices, and commercial organizations use bonsai trees for beautifying their places.

Besides, the bonsai trees are very prevalent gift items. Therefore, the sale of this type of tree upsurges in the festival periods like Valentine’s Day, Christmas, etc.

This beautiful plant is more robust than flower bouquets. Besides, a mature bonsai needs little care daily basis. The good quality bonsai trees have a good market in both developed and developing countries. Also, urban growth has powered increased desire for these miniature trees.

Important points to note before starting Bonsai Tree Farming Business

First of all, grasp the skill. If you have a previous understanding then it is perfect. Otherwise, attend classes or read magazines to acquire proper knowledge.

  • Design a business plan that has financial aspects and a marketing plan.
  • Choose the plant for bonsai according to the agro-climatic situation and place
  • Select the proper container and it is important to plant it properly.
  • Ensure the plant gets proper air and sunlight
  • Keep pruning frequently
  • Also, you must plan to set light and proper fertilizer. Even you may apply liquid fertilizer.
  • You have to take utmost care regarding the plant protection system.
  • Make your bonsai plant either in the morning or in the evening.

Business plan for starting Bonsai Tree Farming Business

To start the business you need to follow the below points:

Registration, license and permissions required to start Bonsai Tree Farming Business in India

Below is the list of licenses required before starting the Bonsai Tree Farming Business in India: Registration of firm, GST registration, Trade license, Pollution certificate, MSME/SSI registration, EPI and ESI registrations, Trademark, FSSAI registration, IEC code, FPO act.

  • Business Entity: The first registration for any business is to register it as a business entity by knowing about the form of the organization. It could be as a sole proprietorship or a partnership or a limited liability partnership or a one-person company. This will help in availing a few benefits to the business and must, therefore, be selected carefully before registering the business at the Registrar’s office.
  • Shop Act or Trade License: Bonsai Tree Farming Business for example in Maharashtra, India requires applying for a Shop Act License from the local municipal authority to run the business. This license helps manage the working conditions along with working hours, leaves, wages, holidays, etc. of the employees and supports the business to run smoothly.
  • Udyog Aadhaar Registration: The Bonsai Tree Farming Business is categorized as a small business and hence it must be registered under Udyog Aadhaar which is a registration and recognition for MSMEs- micro, small, and medium enterprises.
  • GST Registration: Every business, including the Bonsai Tree Farming Business, should associate with taxes at some point and for monitoring a single uniform taxation structure, the business should get a common GST number which stands for Goods and Service Tax.
  • BIS certification: Apart from these registrations the business should get BIS certification as well as tax liabilities.
  • No Objection Certificate from State Pollution Control Board: Bonsai Tree Farming Business doesn’t cause any pollution so no clearance is needed, however, it is recommended to check it with the State Pollution Control Board of the locality where the business is established.

Select Right Bonsai Tree

The choice of the correct tree is very significant. You have to choose the plant that can live in a small container. Some of the effective plants are Chinese elm, hornbeam, Japanese maple, birch, and Japanese black pine.

Procure the plant from a trustworthy nursery. Even you can obtain the plant online. However, check the seller’s repute before purchasing the plant. Also, you can begin from seeds.

Select the Container

You have to choose the right container that is not much deeper. Besides that, you must pick the pot according to the size of your plant you are planning. However, you can create the bonsai in round, square or asymmetric vessels. Make sure the pot has two or three small holes at the lower end to drain the extra water.

Prepare the Soil

Maintain good quality garden soil for your bonsai tree planting business. Apart from that, mix organic fertilizer and cow dung to achieve good results. Mix the sand with the soil in the proper ratio. However, you can cultivate bonsai plants in different types of soil. To raise attractively shaped and gorgeously pruned trees, you must ensure the plant grows in healthy soil.

Planting of Bonsai

For starting a bonsai business, you can use either seeds or the cuttings from Bonsai. However, it is a quite long-term journey. You must have 3-5 years to get a matured bonsai that could be sold. Follow the precise process for planting. Besides that, you will need to re-pot the plants frequently. The growing roots of a plant will spread and fill the limited space in a pot and hence the area will be minimized for the development of the plant.

Care and maintenance of Bonsai Trees

Proper care and maintenance are the supreme crucial features of growing bonsai. As bonsai grows in a small place, the soil tends to dry rapidly. So you must perform watering frequently. However, over-watering can end in root-rot, one of the recorded common reasons for death.

Fertilization is another significant thing to be aware of. The bonsai need appropriate nutrients to keep them strong. Sub-tropical trees commonly need much light and comparatively high temperatures and can only live outside. Thus, choose the bonsai tree according to the place where you desire to keep the plant.

Styling and shaping the Bonsai Trees

Styling and shaping are the significant part of creating beautiful bonsai. The impeccable way to grow a bonsai is to prune it frequently. Use accurate devices and tools for pruning. Also, you can do pruning during the growing season.

Wiring is another vital technique to style Bonsai trees. After few months, when branches are set in their new form. You must take out the wire. You can use two types of wire. These are anodized aluminum and annealed copper wire.

Plant protection methods in Bonsai Trees

You must be ready with the plant protection preparation. Though different kinds of plants get affected by diverse types of diseases. Also, you need to protect the plants from several pests and insect attacks from time to time.

The investment required for starting a Bonsai Tree business

Cost of the Bonsai Trees – Rs. 1,75,000

Cost of raw materials required for starting a Bonsai Tree business – Rs. 25,000

Cost of machinery and other requirements – Rs. 1,00,000

Packaging cost – Rs. 25,000

Other expenses – Rs. 25,000

The total expenses required to start Bonsai Tree business is Rs. 2,50,000.

Profit in Bonsai Tree business in India

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Profit in Bonsai Tree business in India
Profit in Bonsai Tree business in India (pic source: pixabay)

Because of the high demand, the profit margin in the Bonsai Tree business is high. One can gain more than 3000 rupees every day. The profit margin in the Bonsai Tree business is much more for wholesale dealers. If you carefully follow the above-mentioned steps you can earn income through the Bonsai Tree business though you have spent less capital.

Where to sell your Bonsai Trees

You can sell your Bonsai Tress in shopping malls or stores. You can also register in B2B websites and B2C websites in online markets to promote your product.

You can also sell your products in supermarkets, small stores in shopping malls, etc. Advertise your product through social media to get a huge number of clients in this way you can increase and promote your business. Even though there are several Bonsai Tree businesses in India, but the demand for encouraging the new product is also high because of its medicinal properties.

Marketing strategies to promote your Bonsai Tree Farming business

According to your marketing strategy, you must stimulate your business. You can openly sell the plants from your home nursery. However, selling the plants using some retail space is certainly a better option.

Besides, you can sell the bonsai tree through online marketplaces like Amazon and eBay. Also, you can sell the plants in your online store. Besides, plant exhibitions are a great place to endorse your business to a wide range of consumers.

Bonsai tree farming needs true passion, devotion, and persistence to get long-term accomplishment in this venture.



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