Introduction to earn money from chalk making business in India
Chalk making is a cost-effective small-scale business, in developing county like India as chalk is essential for explaining in the classes on board in schools. Chalk is round in shape, a brittle stick that comes either white or in various colours. The initiates by the country for improving literacy and Government regulations for making primary education compulsory has elevated the demand of chalk and is expected to increase in the future. Apart from the use in school, chalks are also employed in furniture market, tailor education institutes, construction work. So the market for chalk is widespread to different segments. Now, let’s see how we can earn money with chalk making business.
A step by step guide to earn money from chalk making business
So if you are initiating chalk making business, this post will guide you obtain information and planning for chalk making business.
Potential of chalk making business to earn money
It is estimated that around 60% of educational organizations have been using the chalkboard for teaching which makes chalk avital stationary item in the educational segment. It is also well known fact that chalk is available at low cost than the present equipment used on boards. Thus, chalks have a great demand in the private segment throughout the year.
Licenses for chalk manufacturing business
For initiating chalk business it is essential to determine your organization’s ownership pattern and apply with ROC Registration of Company. You must also apply for trade license and pan card for opening abank account with your firm name. You may also have your firm as SSI Unit.
The BIS determination for chalk pastels are IS: 2694-1963 which forms white school chalks and IS: 4222-14967 shaped hued chalks. It is better to obtain a NOC (No Objection Certificate) by the Pollution Control Board.
Area or location for business
The proper area for any business is it should be nearby to the supposed market. A chalk producing organization must be established in an urban localities where we could find many schools and moreover it should be available to people who use chalk most of the time. One may buy a land or take it for a lease at low price.Chalk making business can be initiated as a small scale business unit because it needs less space. We can start this at home or take a building as per the space required for the business operations on rental for a specific duration.
Raw material required for chalk making business
In chalk making business the vital element in the materials is Plaster of Paris, POP which is chemically famous as calcium carbonate. Other than this you must obtain China clay, lubricant,white cement, and different colors depending upon your requirements as in case you are interested in producing color chalk then must have different colors. Usually, chalk comes in small packs of cardboard paper box thus one must have the provision of this packaging material for arranging the generated chalks in packs for easy distribution and transport.
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Plaster of Paris: Famously called “POP,” which is the major raw material needed for chalk production. This material instantly forms a hard paste when mixed into water. This material is widely used in hospitals for molding casts around fractured bones apart from chalk industries.
Clean water: It is essentially required for mixing the constituents, most significant entity in all manufacturing business.
Lubricant: Oil is employed as a lubricant during chalk production. It is basically mixed with kerosene, and then the mixture is used to line the inner faces of the mold to prevent the chalk from adhesion to the chalk mold.
Colors: Colors are needed as per your demand for colored chalk. Before beginning your chalk making business, you must check out suppliers from where you will be collecting the raw materials at reduced charges.Try toarrange2-3 different suppliers for each ingredient as you the supplier could run out of the service in some conditions.
Chalk making machine
There are different chalk making machines that are obtainable in the market. You must select the proper one as per your desired production.There are two kinds of manually operated machines are available.
Aluminum metal chalk making machine
Gunmetal chalk making machine
You can also purchase an automatic chalk making a machine that comprises automatic features like powder mixing, feeding of material, water supply, and collection of the chalks form the machine after production.One can produce around 120000 to 150000 piece of chalk every day by employing automatic chalk making machine. We must also get few more things for chalk making process like as scrapers, dryer,paint brushes, hand gloves etc.
List of machinery and equipment
Chalk mold: This is the important mechanism which can be utilized for chalk production and is made up of either of any of the following materials such as plastic, rubber or metal.However, most of them normally prefer with a wooden edge, yet is chalk mold is made of metal. This form varies depending on the quantities and the openings present in chalk mold, where you can find 240 holes in some of them or may have more than 240 holes. The production of the chalk in less time with one mold majorly depends on the number of holes present in the mold.
Scrapper: Scrapper is a flat metal sheet which is used for scrapping the surface of the chalk mold.
Paint brush: Paint brush helps to apply lubricants on the chalk mold, (which will not allow the mixture to get stuck) before filling it up with raw material POP, so called Plaster of Paris.
Dryer: Dryer is used to dry the chalk mixture, after it has been removed from the chalk mold.The dryer is electrical machine which is used as a part of huge scale creation. Make a note that for small scale business, you can utilize the heat from the sun which is perfect step to save the cost.
Hand glove: Use thehand glove which protects your hands while mixing the water and POP or calcium carbonate.
Packaging materials: For packaging materials you can use the nylon orthe branded cartoons and box is needed which attracts the customers.
Chalk manufacturing process
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Step 1: Create chalk mixture
Take the main material, calcium carbonate (POP) and other additives like coloring agents or whitening agents and mix the entire material with water to make uniform paste. A better quality mixture is needed to make brittle chalk for perfectwriting, thus one must be careful while making the chalk mixture.
Step 2: Mold lubrication
It is very much important to have lubrication liquid application on mold, in order to avoid chalk from sticking to the surface of mold while removing the chalk from it. Lubricants like cooking oil could be used; groundnut oil and kerosene in a proportion of 1: 4, can also be used as lubricant.
Step 3: Pour the mold
Pour the mixture of POP (Plaster of Paris) or calcium carbonate in the chalk mold now and keep it for solidification for around 10 to 15 minutes.
Step 4: Collect the chalks
Once the mixture is hardened, open the mold and remove the chalk from the mold, also make sure you take the extra material from chalk.
Step 5: Keep it for drying
After you get the chalk from mold keep it in direct sunlight for drying approximately for 1 to 2 days.
Step 6: Packaging
Once the chalk making process is accomplished, you must pack the chalk for distribution and transportation. The chalks can be packed in carton box on with your brand name and other details like logoto attract the clients.
Cost to start a chalk making business in India
It involves very less costs in preparing the chalks. The mold costs Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 20,000. The raw material costs Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 20,000. Total it costs Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 40,000 which is very less investment.
Profit margin in chalk making business
It costs only Rs. 90 for 1000 chalks. But you can sell them for Rs. 1 per chalk that means it gives you lots of profits from 60% to 90% profits. The main thing is that you need to make the customers by making attractive and colourful chalks.
Where to sell chalk
Once you have accomplished with all kind of plans for beginning the business, you musty analyse a perfect business sector and client base to offer your products.
Your potential market is an assorted enlightening entities like instructional exercise houses, pre fundamental, basic and discretionary schools, and stationary shops etc.
The places to sell the produced chalks are provided below-
- Stationary shops
- Hardware shop
Conclusion of starting a chalk making business
It is very much profitable business with low inveatment and you can earn good money from chalk making business. You may also like Agro Business in India.