Start mushroom farming business to earn money
Mushroom farming at home: If you wish to start the mushroom farming business at home, then you are in right pace to get the business plan for the mushroom farming business. Before that you need to get some knowledge about the important aspects of the mushroom cultivation. You also need to have enough space to cultivate mushroom easily and hence you can start the mushroom farming business after arranging these two.
A step by step guide to earn money with mushroom farming
The cultivation of the mushroom is the scientific technology which required study and experience. But don’t worry if you don’t have experience and knowledge about the mushroom plantation business.
You can even contact the mushroom expertise for getting some tips and will guide you in getting mushroom farming training. Mushroom cultivation is a profitable business in India for the people who are willing to start the business.
Market potential of mushrooms
The demand for the mushrooms is high in the market because of its nutritious value and people prefer consumption of mushrooms in the food recipes. In market there are different types of mushroom but there is huge demand for button mushrooms as they are the most popular and its cultivation is practised widely because of its high market potential in India.
Hence mushroom farming is also encouraged by the government by providing different subsidies for to start the mushroom cultivation business. You can also easily plan for the mushroom farming business even at home with a low capital investment. In this blog you can find the details for the mushroom cultivation at home.
Follow these steps to plan and start your mushroom farming business at home.
Mushroom farming business plan to earn good amount of money
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To start a mushroom farming business in India, it requires the specific business plan, which has to include the unit size of your business which will be totally depend up on the investment capital.
Choosing the variety of mushroom for farming
There are different types of mushrooms which have a good demand in market, and also have a different type of production cost, therefore it is important to choose the variety based on your budget and depending on that you can design to cultivate the desired mushroom. The top variety to start the with your mushroom farming is oyster mushroom and other mushroom types includes shiitake, lions mane, white button and portobello. In India there are four types of edible mushroom are cultivated –
- Button mushroom
- Portobello mushroom
- Oyster (Dhingri) mushroom
- Paddy straw mushroom
The button mushrooms are the most popular one where everyone likes to have them in food recipesand hence it is cultivated widely because of its great demand in the market.
Environment for mushroom farming
You need to take into account the environmental factor as it is important in mushroom farming. As the different type of mushroom require different types of environment. While the oyster mushroom requires a temperature of 15°C to 20°Cwith the humidity of 85%, is essential along with the good ventilation, light and sanitation.
Licenses required for mushroom farming
Registration of firm: You can plan for small to medium mushroom farming business either a proprietorship or partnership firm. If you are starting mushroom farming business as a single person, then you need to register your firm as a proprietorship. For partnership firm, you need to get registered as LLP – limited liability partnership or Pvt. Ltd. company with registrar of companies (ROC).
GST Registration: You have to get the compulsorily, GST registration will provide you with a GST number which is mandatory for every business to start with.
Trade license: You can obtain a trade license from any of the local authorities in your area.
MSME/SSI Registration: The government is encouraging the mushroom farming business by providing various subsidies along with facilities for the business to run smoothly.You can also check with them and apply for the MSME/SSI Registration to get eligible for the government subsidies regarding harvesting.
Trade mark: You have to secure your brand by simply registering the trademark of your brand.
FSSAI – Food Safety and Standard Authority of India: The mushroom farming business even at home is also categorized under the food production business; hence, it requires FSSAI license to start your business legally.
IEC code: if you are planning to export the mushroom then you will require ICE code which is compulsory to Import and export of any product.
Mushroom grow room plans (area space)
The selection of area to start is an important step in the mushroom farming business in India. Therefore while selecting a location for mushroom farming business you have to make sure that the location is provided with the facilities like electricity, water facility, and proper drainage system.
The area should have 500sq. ft space is required to produce the 4,700 kilograms of mushroom. You also need the equipments to control the temperature, humidity, and light.If your space at home meets all these requirements then it is good enough to start the mushroom cultivation business, but if you are not sure about the controlling temperature then you must buy equipments like space heater, a humidifier, and a dehumidifier.
Raw materials required for mushroom cultivation
You will need to prepare spawned bed for the cultivation of any type of mushrooms. You can prepare the spawn by your own or you can buy them to inoculate spawns from the supplier itself. Maintaining a clean environment in the room is an essential factor for the successful mushroom business because many things can infect the mushrooms and spoil the farm. It is better to use pasteurized straw as the growing medium. Next, you need to buy the spores for mushroom farming at home which should be of high quality.
Mushroom farming procedure to earn good money from it
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The mushroom cultivation is the science of growing mushroom at a commercial scale and in this blog we give you a step by step guidance for farming an oyster mushroom.
Step 1:Takes spawn and substrate
You need the pasteurized spawn to cultivate the mushroom. But producing your own spawn is cheaper and cost saving for the long run but the initial cost is high so buying ready to inoculate spawn is a better option for the beginner later you will be aware of this. You also need the substrate such as straw and wood chips as a substrate which retains moisture content.Straw is the general and ideal method to use as a substrate; while using straw you have to chop that into little pieces.
Step 2: Preparing the substrate
Once after the straw is chopped into small pieces, having 2 to 3 inches in size then next you need to wet the straw and then boil the straw in boiling water. Continue boiling for a 30 min and then remove the straw and drain it and until it is cooled down.
Step 3: Pack the plastic bags
Pack the chopped and boiled straw into plastic bags tightly and then sprinkle the spawn on top without any gaps. Repeat this process until the bag is filled fully, close the top and poke holes to the bag.
Step 4: Incubation
Keep the growing area at around 25 °C, and place the filled bags on the shelving units, and make sure that you have to avoid the natural light entering into the harvesting room.You need to use red darkroom light, when you need to check your bags. When you are able to notice a small pinhead mushroom near the air hole of the bag then you can move on to the next step of mushroom farming.
Step 5: Fruiting
At this stage of the fruiting room, you need to have a high level of humidity of about 80% to 90%; the temperature has to be maintained in and around 20°C to 25°C. The mushroom fruiting needs the natural light for at least 12 hours per day to stock your mycelium that will force into fruiting.
Next move the bags into the cool place for a day and then again move back into the fruiting room, next cut away the bag which allows mushroom growth to take place.
Step 6: Harvesting of the mushrooms
Just before your mushroom caps are fully uncurled, that is the time to harvest.
Mushroom marketing plan
Growing oyster mushrooms grows in a time period of 6 weeks from the beginning tillharvesting; sell them as early as possible so that they retain their freshness.
Local market for mushroom cultivation
You can sell your harvested mushrooms to the local market sell them there or sell directly to local restaurants or grocery stores.
Wholesale mushroom plantation
You can sell the oyster mushrooms between Rs. 80 to Rs. 90 per kilogram in wholesale. If you are cultivating the mushroom in 500 sq. ft area you can even produce the 4,700 kilograms of mushrooms, then from the production of the 4,700 kilograms of mushroom you can even easily make a profit of Rs. 3,60,000to Rs. 4,00,000
Online marketing for mushroom
B2C Websites: You can also register your mushroom farming business on B2C websites like -Amazon, Flipkart, Snapdeal, Bigbasket, where you can sell your product directly to the consumer.
Mushroom export market
Mushroom is not only has the great demand in the local market it has a lots of profitability even in the export market, so if you are planning to export the mushroom then you need to acquire the IEC (import-export code), which is mandatory for import and export of any product. Starting mushroom farming business at home is the best and profitable option to make the agricultural-based business ideas.
Conclusion of mushroom farming
It is very easy to earn money with mushroom farming business with proper mushroom farming business plan. You may also like the Organic Farming Business Plan.