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Coffee Roasting Business – How To Start

How to Start a Coffee Roasting Business To Earn Huge Profits


If you are like most consumers, you will comprehend the standing of a strong cup of coffee in the morning, the afternoon, and even stressful evening. Indeed, whether you brew your own java at home, or you check one of the numerous stores daily, the coffee industry is one of the largest – and most economically robust – in the globe. Because of its huge size, there is always scope for new opponents to enter the market, from stalls to roasters.

A step-by-step guide to starting a Coffee Roasting Business

Starting a Coffee Roasting Business
Starting a Coffee Roasting Business (Image credit: pixabay)

Indeed, roasting, specifically, is one of the more prevalent startups today. It is the process of converting the chemical and physical properties of green coffee beans to roasted coffee products, which are now very much famous for all age groups. Since you are head of roasting the beans, you get to yield the unique characteristics, aromas, flavors, and textures of the coffee. You can also make a substantial amount of money from it if you recognize the potential risks and the tools of the wider industry. To aid you to get started, we have accumulated a comprehensive analysis of how to initiate a coffee roasting business.

Market potential of Coffee Roasting Business

Nevertheless, the unforeseen impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, the ICO (International Coffee Organization) has previously estimated that the global demand for coffee is crossing supply. Indeed, the organization projected global supply trouble and reports around 500,000 bags during the 2019-2020 marketing year, and with prices trading at their lowest levels since 2013, global exports have reduced by about 10% during the current months.

So, this is positive news for an aspiring businessman? There is a huge demand for alternative coffee products beyond the likes of Tim Hortons, Starbucks, and Nescafé. Everyone has seemingly transformed into a coffee connoisseur, looking out for unique brands and specialty beverages from brick-and-mortar coffee houses or the hypermarket. A 2018 report by the National Coffee Association (NCA) identified that more than half of the coffee intake daily is described as “gourmet”, a trend which is obsessed by younger consumers and customers on the go.

The same data has seemed that millennials are eager to maintain their spending patterns on coffee which infers that market conditions are always likely to be in a positive video. Before you begin your coffee roasting business, it’s significant to do critical market considerations. For example:

Where are you going to approach for your beans? The coffee industry is particularly vulnerable to labor abuses at numerous steps in the chain, and this can redirect poorly on you. It is vital to comprehend where your beans are coming from, as corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a hugely important portion of successively operating a modern business.

How are you going to research and select coffee shop associates that align with your operation and care about your merchandise? Big chains are doubtful to be interested (initially), so you will need to begin as small with local accounts and plan to expand later.

It is very essential to stress on developing a quality product and building excellent associations with wholesale customers and coffee points.

Prepare your business plan for Coffee Roasting

It does not matter if you are selling pizzas or coffee; at the beginning stages, every company requires a business plan. When drafting your plan, consider that a coffee roasting firm has specific business necessities. The major thing is deciding whether to sell it wholesale or to work in retail. Besides, your chosen model must focus on capital investments, including transportation expenses, coffee roasters, and coffee beans. You should also add a formal summary of your target people, your product or service, and what makes your product unique. Don’t forget to add a mission statement, either, that outlines your core corporate morals, as well as a vision statement that recognizes how your product will enhance the consuming habits of your patrons.

Once you have attained considerable idea into – and knowledge of – the global coffee market, the next process is to understand how you will begin your enterprise. As part of your company research, you must plan and focus on these aspects:

License, registration and permissions required to start Coffee Roasting Business in India

If you plan to start any food processing and Production Company, you should register the company and acquire the required license before you can be allowed to operate. This is so because most countries follow the proper guidelines which monitor the food industry to evade the production of substandard goods/foods that might be damaging for consumption.

So opening your own Coffee Roasting production company needs that you register your company and investigate from the body regulating foods and drugs in your province to get the compulsory license. Make sure you add a catchy name to your company that is generic to the food industry.

Below is the list of licenses required before starting the Coffee Roasting Business in India

  • Registration of firm
  • GST registration
  • Trade license
  • Pollution certificate
  • MSME/SSI registration
  • EPI and ESI registrations
  • Trademark 
  • FSSAI registration
  • IEC code
  • FPO act

Business Entity: The first registration for any business is to register it as a business entity by knowing about the form of the organization. It could be as a sole proprietorship or a partnership or a limited liability partnership or a one-person company. This will help in availing a few benefits to the business and must, therefore, be selected carefully before registering the business at the Registrar’s office.

FSSAI registration: As Coffee Roastingis classified as the processing of food or food products and thus as per the definition requires an FSSAI registration. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is meant for protecting and promoting public health by regulation and supervision of food safety hence FSSAI is a mandatory registration/license for the business. The FSSAI registration process is entirely online and quite easy to follow, once the documents are ready.

Shop Act or Trade License: As the Coffee Roastingbusiness for example in Maharashtra, India requires applying for a Shop Act License from the local municipal authority to run the business. This license helps manage the working conditions along with working hours, leaves, wages, holidays, etc. of the employees and supports the business to run smoothly.

Udyog Aadhaar Registration: As Coffee Roasting is categorized as a small business and hence it must be registered under Udyog Aadhaar which is a registration and recognition for MSMEs- micro, small, and medium enterprises.

GST Registration: Every business, including Coffee Roasting, should associate with taxes at some point and for monitoring a single uniform taxation structure, the business should get a common GST number which stands for Goods and Service Tax.

BIS certification: Apart from these registrations the business should get BIS certification as well as tax liabilities.

No Objection Certificate from State Pollution Control Board: Coffee Roasting doesn’t cause any pollution so no clearance is needed, however, it is recommended to check it with the State Pollution Control Board of the locality where the business is established.

Funding required to start a Coffee Roasting Business

Your initial expenses will be around Rs. 3 lakhs to Rs. 5 lakhs (comprises the costs of obtaining a coffee roaster, a grinder, green coffee, and a heat sealer). Of course, this is adjustable; you may be able to procure cheaper equipment, while prices are also dependent on whether you have the location or area to roast. Unfortunately, it can be hard to entice investment for this sort of startup (initially), so you will inevitably look for credit markets, preferably a type of business loan.

How to gain expertise in Coffee Roasting Business

Of course, inclusive knowledge of roasting is the primary requisite for this business. Educational courses are there but many coffee roasters are doing it as a hobby who have gained expertise for so many years. You can opt for local or online classes and read magazines, but the best way to learn is to customize a unique flavor for yourself.

It’s also a decent idea (if not into it) to work in a coffee shop. Many professional coffee roasters endorse starting as a barista, as you can know what is popular with consumers at the point of sale, as well as grow intimate information of the processes involved.

Networking in Coffee Roasting Business

Working in coffee shops also permits you to increase relevant contacts. As with all businesses, the more people you contact, the more likely you are to find your goal. If you’ve not been employed at your local hangout, then it’s not difficult to attract clients, but if you already have some idea and the customers need, you will find it a lot easier to customize your product.

Resources required to start Coffee Roasting Business

In addition to the major technical equipment, you will also procure materials, such as packaging supplies, labels, and a point-of-sale (POS) device. Alternatively, roasters can plan as a “contract roast”, whereby you avail a more conventional roaster’s provision and machinery. Either way, you will still need a plethora of specialist resources for roasting purposes.

Profit in Coffee Roasting business in India

In case if you miss this: Seed Processing Business In India.

Profit in Coffee Roasting business in India
Profit in Coffee Roasting business in India (pic source: pixabay)

You can earn good profit margin in Coffee Roasting business. Initially it starts with 10-15 % later it increases to 30-35%.

How to attract customers in Coffee Roasting Business

During your initial stages, you must identify your target market. Will you focus mainly on the on-the-go coffee addict? Or, will you approach in a wholesale manner to clients in coffee shops, opt for supermarkets and artisan boutiques? This, of course, is dependent on you, although some specialists acclaim drawing wholesalers since they can provide a steadier income. Ultimately, your marketing plan relies on classifying this target demographic. When you have a proper customer profile, you can focus your efforts on the platforms that they frequent. There are several online and offline policies that you can device to gain this, although local SEO and social media are mainly important. Aside from that, there are other white-hat ideas you can use to attract customers to your brand.

  • Work on freshness, aroma, and flavors in your marketing items.
  • Specialize in a particular roast level or coffee from a particular region.
  • Use suitable and relevant influencers to advertise your product.
  • Establish and cultivate relations with specific farmers and spread their stories.
  • Financially aid initiatives related to your industry, like the Fair Trade or the Rainforest Allied Certified Coffee efforts.  


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