How To Start A Flaxseed Oil Production (Cold Pressed)

Introduction to how to start flaxseed cold-pressed oil production in India

Flaxseed oil also popular as linseed oil is a pale yellow oil extracted from the seeds of the flax plant. The main application of this oil is seen in industrial purposes such as plasticizer, drying oil finishes in wood finishing, the binder in paints, and manufacturing other industrial solvents. Although the use of this oil in the industrially is not great the consumption of flaxseed oil for its nutrient has gained as the trends in the healthy living rise. Consumption in the European region has grown, demand for healthy oils is growing at a much larger pace. This consumption growth is not very sudden as flaxseed oil is often considered as a delicacy in this region and consumed with potatoes and quark. 

A step by step guide on how to start a cold-pressed flaxseed oil production business

Flaxseed oil is used in a wide variety of cosmetic products as well, many hair care products for instance as shampoos and conditioners use flaxseed oil as its ingredient. It is often severed in the premium cosmetics category where the need for this product is growing at much higher levels. This requirement is further expected to grow.

Flaxseed cold-pressed oil market potential in India

The global Flaxseed oil market is distributed based on its application, product type, distribution channel, and place. Based on its application, the global Flaxseed oil market is categorized into four main sections; food, industrial, cosmetics, and dietary supplement. Flaxseed oil has extensive applications as a cosmetic, it is mainly used as nourishing, hair conditioning oil, and as a skin tonner. In culinary, flaxseed oil is used as a base for seasoning several dishes in the European cuisine. The use of this oil for industrial purposes is more but the use in food and cosmetics is gaining gradually and the market is projected to grow at a relatively higher rate during the next few years.

Based on the distribution channel, the global flaxseed oil market is partitioned into supermarkets/hypermarkets, direct sales, online retail, and specialty stores that comprise natural food and cosmetic outlets. Among these, sales online are expected to rise because of the increasing popularity of seed oils such as argan and flaxseed oil on social media. Specialty stores are also estimated to increase their revenue shares in the coming years due to the growth in the number of establishments in Western European and North American areas.

License, permission, and registration to start a flaxseed cold-pressed oil production business

For starting a flaxseed oil production unit, you should get several license and registration approvals from different government organizations.

  • Company registration with ROC
  • Trade license
  • SSI registration
  • Factory license
  • Food operator license 
  • BIS certification
  • ‘No Objection’ from the pollution control board
  • AGMARK certification
  • Fire license

The Food Standards and Safety Rules, 2011, and rules made under IS 544: 1968 permit the inclusion of antioxidants in flaxseed oil for an increased shelf life of the oil. However, under the scheme of labeling of environment-friendly products, the occurrence of antioxidants in a prescribed limit is a need as per notification of the Ministry of Environment and Forests. These are the basic license and certification requisites. Check out the same with your local DIC authority about any other needful formalities.

Finance to start a flaxseed oil production unit

Similar to any manufacturing industry flaxseed oil production business needs two kinds of cost elements. The first is fixed capital and the next one is working capital. A refinance scheme provision is there with NABARD. For fixed capital, you should apply for a term loan or a mortgage loan. For working capital, you could opt for cash credit or the overdraft facility with your nearby bank or any financial organization.

Machinery required to setup and start a Flaxseed oil production unit

The selection of a perfect location for running the plant is a very significant factor. The main facilities are water and electricity. The proper availability of transport facilities and labor is even needed. Prepare a floor plan depicting specific space allocation for raw material storage, production unit area, administrative workspace, finished product storage, the storeroom for oil cakes, and space for a few other things. 

Usually, you will need 0.50 acres of non-agricultural land for starting an improved flaxseed oil expelling unit. Here, you can arrange the plant with a processing capacity of 240 MT /annum. 

The machinery required for flaxseed cold pressed oil

The flaxseed cold-pressed oil is a new type of Screw Oil Press Machine that required pressing rings or pressing bars to extract the oil from flaxseed seeds. Compared to numerous flaxseed oil presses in the market, screw flaxseed oil pressers can get flaxseed materials steadily which can enhance the total oil yield. Moreover, the oil extracted by our flaxseed oil machine is of superior quality, with bright color, and is having a nice fragrance. Mainly, it is cheap when compared to the type of oil production machinery and will provide the same flaxseed oil production output.

Flaxseed oil cold press machine – Hydraulic oil press

Hydraulic oil press extracts oil from oilseeds by the hydraulic principle. The whole oil extraction process is operated easily. If you check the screw oil press machine, the hydraulic flaxseed oil press machine is costlier. The hydraulic oil press is also famous as a flaxseed oil cold press machine.

Steps involved in extracting the cold-pressed oil from flaxseeds or Linseed

Below are primary things that can be found in the extraction of flaxseed oil from the cold press method. The extraction process of flaxseed oil is explained in the following section. 

An extracting of cold-pressed oil from flaxseed
Extracting the cold-pressed oil from flaxseed seeds


The prepared flaxseed oil seeds are placed on magnets to separate dirt and undesirable trace metal before de-hulled and passed from the particular cleaning machine to remove other foreign particles.


Flaxseed seeds are having around 20%-30% hulls from the oil-type. Those hulls are sometimes separated before oil extraction to ensure the quality of both oil and Flaxseed meal is sustained. When the seed had moisture of 5% after cleaning, then de-hulling is needed. The basic step here includes cracking the seeds by the mechanical action of a centrifugal or pneumatic sheller that is also done by abrasion. Then the resulting mixture is then winnowed to remove the hulls from the kernels.


The prepared flaxseed oil seeds are kept over magnets to remove the dirt and trace metal before de-hulled. To have a larger surface area for the step of pressing, the de-hulled seeds are grounded into a coarse meal that has uniformity by mechanized grooved rollers or hammer mills. Then this meal is heated to fasten the oil extraction phase.


During the oil pressing, some waste and impurities are also collected with the oil, and they must be eliminated before the oil is packaged so that it can be consumed. The heated metal is then fed gradually into a screw press, which escalates the pressure continued as the meal passes through a slotted barrel. Pressure gradually upsurges from 68,950 to 206,850 kilopascals as the oil is screwed out from the slots in the barrel, and next collected.

Extracting additional oil with solvents

After the initial oil is collected back from the screw press, the oil cake leftover in the press is defined by the using solvent extraction method to obtain more yield. A volatile hydrocarbon (the popular as hexane) dissolves the oil from the oil cake, and later the oil is separated by distilling the solvent out, and then the solvent is passed through the matter to be collected at the bottom. 

Removing solvent traces

90% of the solvent remaining in the extracted oil easily evaporates and it is gathered for reuse. The remaining solvent is recovered by the use of the stripping column. The oil is heated by steam, and the lighter solvent floats at the top, and when it condenses, it is collected later.

The product type segment of flaxseed oil comprises; boiled flaxseed oil, raw flaxseed oil, and doubled boiled. The raw oil is many times used like core oils, paints, caulking compounds, tempering oil, etc., the boiled and doubled boiled flaxseed oil is used in paints where the drying time is reduced.

Investment to start a cold-pressed flaxseed oil production unit

You can extract the oil from seeds by using the below equipment and cost to start them:

• The automatic cold-pressed oil machine might be about 1.5 lakh to 2.5 lakhs 

• Screw expeller will be about Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 50,000

• Cooker and filter press are obtained at Rs. 60,000 to Rs. 80,000

• Storage tank for oil will be up to Rs. 50,000

• If you need a sealing machine in the packaging of the oil packets it can be procured at Rs. 3 lakh

• Worker’s salary and bills will be around to Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 1.5 lakh

• Empty tins and bottles are obtained at Rs. 10,000

• The expenses for taxes, licenses, and registration process will be around Rs. 1lakh

• Marketing costs will be about Rs. 50,000

• Any other extra expenses will be dealt with in Rs. 30,000

If your oil plant is not set up in your own space then the start-up investment will increase because rental costs will add up as per the size of the plant. So, the complete investment for beginning a cold-pressed flaxseed oil plant is around Rs. 5 lakhs to Rs. 7 lakhs based on the size of the plant.

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Profit in flaxseed cold-pressed oil making business

You can acquire good profits in the cold-pressed flaxseed oil making business. You can attain around 35 to 40% of profits in the cold-pressed oil making business. If you consider 1 kg of flaxseed seeds you will get about 450 ml of oil. The seed-cake extracted after getting the oil is also has a need in the market for its nutrients. So, the seed-cake is chiefly used as fodder. The oil is gathered in a storage tank and next is scrutinized, if it’s pure then and is accepted in all the conditions, then the oil is sent to the packing stage for packing and transportation. When the oilseeds have processed the waste which is collected is popular as pressed cakes. Oil cakes majorly have less oil in them hence can be used as animal feed by treating through distillation.

In case if you are interested in this: Flaxseed Cultivation.


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