Semolina Production Business – How To Start In India

How to Start Semolina Production business in India


Semolina Making business is very money-spinning and easy to setup. Semolina is coarse wheat middling of durum wheat purified to make wheat flour. It is popular in Africa, Europe, and a staple food in Nigeria. There are two kinds of semolina the coarse-grained flours and finely grained flour.

Semolina Production business project

The main thing is to draft a semolina production business project and conduct market research. Next is to check for startup funding, find a suitable factory place, and register the business. Next, appoint experienced staff, acquire raw materials, buy quality processing equipment, use appropriate costs and develop a marketing technique.

Guide for starting a Semolina Production

Write a Semolina Production business plan

  • Conduct feasibility study/survey
  • Source startup funding
  • Find a suitable factory location
  • Register the business
  • Hire experienced staff
  • Purchase raw materials
  • Buy quality processing machinery
  • Use appropriate pricing
  • Develop a marketing strategy
  • Semolina Production

Funding arrangements for starting Semolina production business

The amount of capital needed is based on the size of the operation. Capital is used for factory leases, buying of raw materials, equipment, and labor charges. Proper marketing demands a huge amount, transportation and legal expenses.

Secure funds by savings or borrow from near ones. Approach a commercial bank to apply for business loans. Try for partnership arrangement, sell equity, approach venture capitalists, or try crowdfunding.

Location or area required for starting Semolina Production business

Lease a plant or work from a dedicated warehouse or store. Make sure the floor plan is sufficient enough for accommodating machinery, storage facility, front office, loading/unloading area. The unit can be either close to the raw material supplier area or near to other industrial areas.

Manpower required for starting Semolina Production business

Manpower depends on the factory capacity, type of machinery, production quantity. Standard practice is to hire machine operators, factory manager, storekeeper, sales representatives. The total staff for a small operation is around 4-10 members.

Ingredients required for starting Semolina Production business

To produce semolina, there are a few constituents. The main raw material is wheat. Apart from that, some vitamins and mineral premix are required. Vitamins such as vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, B12, iron, and zinc. The amount of calories in 100g is calories from fat 9kcal, total calories 350 kcal.


  • Wheat
  • Vitamins
  • Mineral premix

Vitamins and Mineral Information

Vitamin information that is not added to the table is vitamin B9 26mg, vitamin B12 0.02mg. The percentage of daily value depends on 2,000 calories diet. This is entirely based on your calorie need.

Vitamins/minerals      Per kg of

  • Vitamin A      2mg
  • Vitamin B1    6mg
  • Vitamin B2    5mg
  • Vitamin B3    45mg
  • Vitamin B6    6mg
  • Iron             40mg
  • Zinc             50mg

Nutritional Information on Semolina

Here are the nutritional details on Semolina per 100g including daily value. Nutritional value is carbohydrates 73g daily value 24%, protein 12g daily value 24%, fat 1g daily value 2%.

Nutritional Information         Amount per 100g       Daily Value

Carbohydrate                          73g                              24%

Protein                                   12g                              24%

Fat                                         1g                                2%

Calories from fat                                                         9kcal   

Method of preparation of Semolina

Method of preparation of Semolina
Method of preparation of Semolina (Image credit: Pixabay)

The semolina method of preparation is the same as Semovita preparation. First, boil 300cc (1 ¼ cup) of water in a cooking pot. Then mix semolina powder into 125cc (½ cup) water to get a paste. Pour the paste into boiling water, stir properly and add semolina powder until the mixture is homogeneous. Cover the pot and allow to cook, add extra water if needed. Keep aside from fire and turn the mixture properly till semolina is ready to serve. Serve the semolina using a soup of your desire.

License, registration, and permission required to start Semolina Production business in India

It is essential to do the registration to the semolina factory in the form of a limited liability company. Acquire liability insurance, workers insurance, and tax identification number. It is essential to join a beverage/food manufacturers association, attain an operational license, follow strict procedures on food handlers, health and safety guidelines. The company must have the FSSAI registration number, sufficient product branding. The package must include the date of production, best before period, and expiring date. Should also add information about the manufacturer’s address, customer care email/contact number.

Both limited and unlimited liability is determined by the business format you opt for. Register your business name and apply for VAT identification.

Your product will also need testing and certification. Check anti-pollution guidelines and local government rules.

The next step is to avail a food and safety license from the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). This, however, essential to ventures making more than 12 lakh income. It is significant to register your business and gain a Trade License. You need to avail a No Objection Certificate from your society/residential area. Along with that, you will register the name of your business. Here you should know about licenses for beginning a Semolina of food in India.

Take care of health, labeling, and nutritional guidelines so that you are complying with FSSAI guidelines. Based on what region you live in, there may also be state health and food preparation regulations to follow. Your kitchen could be inspected by the local health and safety associated with authorized personnel. Establish your company with all required legal requirements, according to the laws of your state and national guidelines, and register as a corporation in compliance with the Internal Revenue Service and your state’s tax office.

Below is the list of licenses required before starting the Semolina making business in India: Registration of firm, GST registration, Trade license, Pollution certificate, MSME/SSI registration, EPI and ESI registrations, Trademark, FSSAI registration, IEC code, FPO act.

Business Entity: The first registration for any business is to register it as a business entity by knowing about the form of the organization. It could be as a sole proprietorship or a partnership or a limited liability partnership or a one-person company. This will help in availing a few benefits to the business and must, therefore, be selected carefully before registering the business at the Registrar’s office.

FSSAI registration: A Semolina is classified as the processing of food or food products and thus as per the definition requires an FSSAI registration. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is meant for protecting and promoting public health by regulation and supervision of food safety hence FSSAI is a mandatory registration/license for the business. The FSSAI registration process is entirely online and quite easy to follow, once the documents are ready.

Shop Act or Trade License: A Semolina business for example in Maharashtra, India requires applying for a Shop Act License from the local municipal authority to run the business. This license helps manage the working conditions along with working hours, leaves, wages, holidays, etc. of the employees and supports the business to run smoothly.

Udyog Aadhaar Registration: A Semolina is categorized as a small business and hence it must be registered under Udyog Aadhaar which is a registration and recognition for MSMEs- micro, small, and medium enterprises.

GST Registration: Every business, including the Semolina, should associate with taxes at some point and for monitoring a single uniform taxation structure, the business should get a common GST number which stands for Goods and Service Tax.

BIS certification: Apart from these registrations the business should get BIS certification as well as tax liabilities.

No Objection Certificate (NOC) from State Pollution Control Board: A Semolina doesn’t cause any pollution so no clearance is needed, however, it is recommended to check it with the State Pollution Control Board of the locality where the business is established.

Investment required to start a Semolina Production business

If you are choosing any small-scale business in Semolina production then you must pay for raw materials specifically wheat and other things such as packaging material and other things. If you are inaugurating a small-scale business then employees’ remuneration is also essential. The capital for small scale Semolina production business is Rs. 1 lakh. Additionally, on a large-scale basis, the equipment can be around 2.30 lakh rupees. The cost of raw material could be about Rs. 10,000. Therefore, the entire cost could be estimated from 1 to 1.5 lakh rupees.

For beginning the business, you must plan for the budget. You may charge around 150 to 200 rupees per kilogram in the market. Not only this, but you can also directly contact and have a network with restaurants and hotel industries.

Machinery required for starting a Semolina Making business

The main equipment is a wheat flour milling machine. The production process also comprises a mixing machine and a packaging machine.

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Profit in Semolina Production business in India

Because of the high demand, the profit margin in the Semolina business is high. One can gain up to 2000 rupees every day. The profit margin in the Semolina production business is much more for wholesale dealers. If you carefully follow the above-mentioned steps you can earn income through the Semolina production business though you have spent less capital.

How to do branding for your product?

Register an easy and catchy name to remember the name for product branding. Add product brand name, product description, logo, content, net weight per kg, and preparation ingredients on the packet.

Marketing strategies Semolina business

The business is highly challenging with huge budget players in the segment. This is because the product is a staple food consumed by many West African homes. Marketing includes promotions, branding, giveaways, and advertisement. It can be sold directly to supermarkets, malls, wholesalers, and food retailers, etc.


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